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House Dems to File Resolution Friday   02/21 06:39

   House Democrats will file a resolution Friday aimed at blocking the national 
emergency declaration that President Donald Trump has issued to help finance 
his wall along the Southwest border, teeing up a clash over billions of 
dollars, immigration policy and the Constitution's separation of powers.

   WASHINGTON (AP) -- House Democrats will file a resolution Friday aimed at 
blocking the national emergency declaration that President Donald Trump has 
issued to help finance his wall along the Southwest border, teeing up a clash 
over billions of dollars, immigration policy and the Constitution's separation 
of powers.

   Though the effort seems almost certain to ultimately fall short --- perhaps 
to a Trump veto --- the votes will let Democrats take a defiant stance against 
Trump that is sure to please liberal voters. They will also put some 
Republicans from swing districts and states in a difficult spot.

   Formally introducing the measure sets up a vote by the full House likely by 
mid-March, perhaps as soon as next week, because of a timeline spelled out by 
law. Initial passage by the Democratic-run House seems assured.

   The measure would then move to the Republican-controlled Senate, where there 
may be enough GOP defections for approval. The law that spells out the rules 
for emergency declarations seems to require the Senate to address the issue 
too, but there's never been a congressional effort to block one and some 
procedural uncertainties remain.

   House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., seemed to predict approval, telling 
colleagues in a letter that her chamber will "move swiftly" to pass it and "the 
resolution will be referred to the Senate and then sent to the President's 

   Should the House and Senate initially approve the measure, Congress seems 
unlikely to muster the two-thirds majorities in each chamber that would be 
needed later to override a certain Trump veto.

   Even so, Republican senators facing tough 2020 re-election fights in 
competitive states like Arizona, Colorado and North Carolina would have to take 
stances that could risk dividing the GOP's pro-Trump and more moderate voters.

   Moderate Sen. Susan Collins, R-Maine, said Wednesday she would back a 
resolution blocking the declaration, making her the first Republican to 
publicly state her support for the effort to thwart the emergency. With 
Republicans holding a 53-47 majority, three more GOP senators would need to 
vote with Democrats for the resolution to win initial approval.

   The votes could also cause discomfort for other Republicans who've opposed 
the declaration. Many have expressed concerns that Trump's declaration sets a 
precedent for future Democratic presidents to declare emergencies to help their 
own favored issues, like global warming or gun control.

   The battle is over an emergency declaration Trump has issued to access 
billions of dollars beyond what Congress has authorized to start erecting 
border barriers. Building the wall was the most visible trademark of his 
presidential campaign.

   Congress approved a vast spending bill last week providing nearly $1.4 
billion to build 55 miles of border barriers in Texas' Rio Grande Valley while 
preventing a renewed government shutdown. That measure represented a rejection 
of Trump's demand for $5.7 billion to construct more than 200 miles.

   Besides signing the bill, Trump also declared a national emergency and used 
other authorities that he says gives him access to an additional $6.6 billion 
for wall building. That money would be transferred from a federal asset 
forfeiture fund, Defense Department anti-drug efforts and a military 
construction fund. Federal officials have yet to identify specifically which 
projects would be affected.

   Pelosi and Rep. Joaquin Castro, D-Texas, circulated separate letters 
Wednesday to lawmakers seeking co-sponsors to his one-sentence resolution. A 
Castro aide said there were already 102 co-sponsors, all Democrats. Both 
letters targeted Friday for the measure's introduction.

   While Congress is in recess this week, the House has a brief "pro forma" 
session Friday for bill introductions but no votes.

   Castro's measure says Trump's emergency declaration "is hereby terminated." 
He chairs the 38-member Congressional Hispanic Caucus.

   "The President's decision to go outside the bounds of the law to try to get 
what he failed to achieve in the constitutional legislative process violates 
the Constitution and must be terminated," Pelosi wrote.

   Pelosi and Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer, D-N.Y., said in a joint 
statement last week that lawmakers will use "every remedy available" to defend 
Congress' powers, including in the courts.

   Democratic aides said Wednesday that leaders were still deciding exactly 
what legal action to take, and when.

   Outside activists said they understood from conversations with congressional 
staff that Democrats were likely to file their own lawsuit, rather than simply 
joining other actions that 16 state attorneys general and liberal, 
environmental and other organizations have commenced separately.

   It remained unclear whether Democrats would wait for congressional action to 
play out before going to the courts.

   Speaking Tuesday about the attorneys general suit, Trump said he expected to 
do "very well" in the case and said he had an "absolute right" to make the 

   Democrats and some Republicans say there is no emergency at the border. They 
say Trump is improperly declaring one to work around Congress' rejection of the 
higher amounts.

   Once a resolution of disapproval is introduced, the national emergency law 
says it must be assigned to a committee, which has 15 calendar days to send it 
to the full chamber. The House parliamentarian has assigned Castro's measure to 
the House Transportation and Infrastructure Committee.

   That chamber then has three calendar days to vote on it. The timing could be 
shortened, which is why a vote could occur more quickly.

   The same procedure is then repeated in the second chamber. The law requires 
those timetables unless either chamber votes to do otherwise. If McConnell 
tries using that provision to delay the vote on the resolution, the vote on 
slowing the measure will become the key showdown.

   A spokesman for McConnell declined to comment on what the leader will do.


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